Last Updated on February 19, 2017 by Dr.Derek Fhisher
Most popular brand: Zagam
Active ingredient: Sparfloxacin
Available dosage forms: 200 mg
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Sparfloxacin general information
As a way to quit drinking, you ought to maintain a diary of your own drinking. All that before an addict is about to think about eliminating sugar. Alcohol bloating can result in decreased attractiveness in physical look and may also cause the development of numerous other health concerns and disorders.
There’s a frequent misconception that you may safely consume over-the-counter painkillers. To summarize, drinking alcohol, when you’re on Methotrexate medication, is really a terrible idea. Alcohol can impact antibiotics in the aforementioned ways. An excessive amount of usage of alcohol with this specific medication can predispose somebody to ulceration within the stomach. To sum this up, you can say that alcohol might not reduce the efficacy of antibiotics, but nonetheless, it certainly does aggravate the side effects due to antibiotics. Certain cold medications along with mouthwashes also contain some quantity of alcohol.
Antibiotics got their own mechanisms of functioning within the body and leaving the body. They may choose to do this kind of therapy and quickly return before the effects wear off. Enhanced and unsupervised utilization of this drug can cause a number of complications in the body, and this also is something which requires to be handled with utmost care. Hence, you have to be vigilant when combining antibiotics and alcohol in just about any form. In case of the serious bacterial infection, alcohol ought to be avoided since it contains sugar compounds that assist in growth of bacteria. These mechanisms differ based on the sort of antibiotics used.
Just like with any other medication, ciprofloxacin isn’t free from side results. Always make certain you take the right dose of medicine, not go over the advised limits of alcohol. You may experience ulceration within the mouth. If you start drinking alcohol within this state to relax, you are going to be hit with a double whammy. In case your buddies have alcohol, then you’re likely to accomplish the exact same. As a consequence of the damage, the whole process of metabolism is hampered, which eventually leads to adverse impacts on the body.
As we saw, whether alcohol is just a stimulant or depressant depends on the quantity consumed and also the time which has passed from way back its consumption. Studies have demonstrated that long-term alcohol consumption contributes to changes within the brain chemicals. Consuming opioids together with alcohol is a very lethal combination. Alcohol is not likely to reduce the effect of antibiotics. Rheumatoid arthritis patients might also suffer from a rise in stiffness and pain, after heavy usage of alcohol. Morphine, as an example, mimics the neurotransmitter beta-endorphin–a organic painkiller found within the brain.
New research indicates that binge drinking particularly is linked with heightened risk of cardiovascular disease and decreased liver function and cirrhosis. 1 such heart disease that’s caused because of an excessive consumption of alcohol is alcoholic cardiomyopathy. For instance, drinking to excess nightly can soon lead somebody to turn into sick, particularly when needs including food or sleep are compromised consequently. For instance, even though the individual might have opted to restrict the consumption to two or three drinks, he’ll not have any control over drinking and certainly will go on consuming excessive amounts of alcohol. Large amounts of alcohol can maintain a person asleep longer, but drinking big amounts of alcohol has its very own negative consequences. This is simply not to mention the countless dangers which could result whether a drinker chooses to drive while below the influence also.
I’ve observed that different kinds of alcohol can affect you much more than many others. It was discovered that women have a greater mortality rate on account of alcoholism than man do. There’s also a powerful possibility of alcoholism, affecting different medications. The truth is there are two primary types of alcoholism. Information is frequently presented as alcoholism fact. When most individuals have the ability to address these situations rationally, some might take to alcohol.
There are numerous psychological, mental, physical, and also relationship issues one might need to face because of their drinking troubles. There will be a lot of anxiety, which may also cause depression. During or following this time span, an individual may begin to undergo the symptoms of alcoholic neuropathy. Severe symptoms could include deliriousness, fever, convulsions, and even death.The kind and seriousness of symptoms differ from person to person. It is important to keep up the interval as it assists keep the medication levels in the body. Cognitive behavioral therapy together with medication is extremely helpful.
Detox is mainly considered as a kind of drug rehabilitation, used to take care of alcoholism or drug addiction. Discontinuing the drug contributes to withdrawal symptoms that are based on the sort of drug used. As previously mentioned, over-the-counter painkillers aren’t exactly dangerous for the body. It really is for this particular reason that it’s recommended an individual use Prozac only with a physician’s prescription. It could be concluded it is pretty risky to consume alcohol together with painkillers. The downside of naltrexone is the fact that the entire body’s natural painkillers, the endorphins, are not able to do their job when it’s present.
Commercial product name: Sparflo
The international non-proprietary name of the drug: sparfloxacin.
Chemical Name: 5 – amino – 1 – cyclopropyl – 7 – (cis – 3.5 – dimethyl – 1 – pnpsrazinil) – B 8 – dnftor – 1,4 – dihydro – 4 – oxo – 3 – quinoline carboxylic acid
Each tablet contains:
Active substance: sparfloxacin – 200 mg.
Excipients: 15 mg corn starch, microcrystalline cellulose, 65 mg, 5 mg crospovidone, colloidal silicon dioxide 6 mg, 3 mg of talc, magnesium stearate 6 mg;
Shell: Valium 5.36 mg, 1.32 mg of propylene glycol, titanium dioxide (E171) 2.19 mg, 1.11 mg of talc, dye quinoline yellow (E104) 0.03 mg.
Description: almost white or light – yellow, oval film-coated tablets, one side – the risk, on the other embossing « 200 ».
ATC code: J01MA09
The antimicrobial agent, a derivative of fluoroquinolone, inhibits the bacterial DNA – gyrase, dispiralized chromosomal sites DNA.
The low toxicity to host cells is due to their lack of gyrase.
It is bactericidal antimicrobial broad-spectrum, both in terms of gram-positive and gram-negative flora. The advantage of the preparation is most active against anaerobic gram-positive cocci and fluoroquinolones compared with previous generations. With respect to gram-negative flora is active, close to aminoglycosides.
On gram positive microorganisms has a bactericidal effect only during division, gram-negative organisms – and in the rest period, since not only affects the DNA – gyrase, but also causes lysis of the cell wall.
prevents transcription of the genetic material of bacteria required for normal metabolism, which leads to a rapid decrease in the ability of bacteria to divide. As a result of its action does not occur parallel generating resistance to other antibiotics, does not belong to the group of gyrase inhibitors, which makes it highly effective but to bacteria which are resistant, such as aminoglycosides, penicillins, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, and many other antibiotics.
By following sparfloxacin are highly pathogenic microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Shigella spp. Salmonella spp. Citrobacter spp. Klebsiella spp. Enterobacter spp. Serratia spp. Hafnia spp. Edwardsiella spp. spp Proteus. (Indole – positive and indole – negative), Providencia spp. Morganella spp. Yersinia spp .; Vibrio spp. Aeromonas spp. Plesiomonas spp. Pasteurella spp. Haemophilus spp. Campylobacter spp. Pseudomonas ccpacia. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Legionella spp. Neisseria spp. Moraxella spp. Acinetobacter spp. Brucella spp. Staphylococcus spp. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Listeria spp. Corynebacterium spp. Chlamydia spp. Xanthomonas maltophilia.
sparfloxacin characterized by high activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including strains mnozhestvennorezistentnye.
Enterococcus faecium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Xocardia asteroides, tend to be susceptible to sparfloxacin.
The following microorganisms have moderate sensitivity: Gardnerella spp. Flavobacterium spp. Alcaligenes spp. Streptococcus agalactiae, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus viridans, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycobacterium fortuitum.
With a few exceptions, anaerobes are moderately sensitive (Peplococcus spp. Peptostreptococcus spp.) Or resistant (Bacteroides spp.). Sparfloxacin are not effective against Treponema pallidum.
sparfloxacin resistance develops very slowly, because, on the one hand, after its validity remains virtually persistent microorganisms, and on the other hand – no bacterial cell enzymes, inactivating it.
There was no cross-resistance to other antimicrobial drugs.
With respect to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other Gram-negative bacilli in activity yields ciprofloxacin.
It has postantibioticski effect: microorganisms do not grow for 0.5 – 4 hours after the disappearance of plasma drug.
absorption after ingestion – about 90%. The extent of absorption is not changed by taking the drug with food or milk. Food intake slows but does not alter the extent of absorption, so that the maximum observed concentration of sparfloxacin approximately 30 minutes later than in the fasting state.
it is well distributed in the body tissues (tissue excluding rich fats, including neural tissue) concentration in the tissues and fluids of the lower respiratory tract than the concentration in plasma. It is found in high concentrations in the alveolar macrophages. Therapeutic concentrations achieved in saliva, bile, intestine, the abdomen and pelvic organs, kidneys and urinary organs, lung tissues, bronchial secretions, bone, muscle, synovial fluid and articular cartilage, peritoneal fluid, skin. The cerebrospinal and intraocular fluid is detected in 10% of the drug concentration in plasma.
The drug has a large volume of distribution – 3,9 & plusmn; 0,8 l / kg, exceeding the figure for other fluoroquinolones. Communication with the plasma proteins (mainly albumin) is about 45%.
The time to maximum concentration after oral administration of 400 mg – 3 – 6 hours, concentration of tissue in 2 – 12 times higher than in plasma. The concentration of drug in the blood serum has a linear dependence on the value received to the square.
The activity is somewhat reduced at acidic pH.
Metzboliziruetsya in the liver, is excreted in the feces (30 – 50%) and urine (tubular filtration and tubular secretion) ; of them, in an unmodified form, about 10% of the orally adopted vines. The half-life ; 16 – 30 hours, in patients with renal insufficiency, the half-life is prolonged.
In chronic renal failure percentage of the drug that is output from the kidneys. reduced but creatinine clearance greater than 20 mL / min cumulation it occurs in the body, as it happens in parallel increase in metabolism and excretion in the feces.
Indications for use
Infectious – inflammatory diseases caused by sensitive microflora:
– respiratory tract infections: pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the acute stage, caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, Staphylococcus spp. Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacler cloacae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumonia. Chlamydia pneumoniae;
– an infection of the middle ear, sinuses, especially if they are caused by 1ramotritsatelnymi pathogens, including Pseudomonas spp. or Staphylococcus spp .;
– eye infections;
– kidney and urinary tract infections (cystitis, urethritis non-gonococcal, pyelitis);
– genital infections (including adnexitis, prostatitis);
– abdominal infections (bacterial infections of the gastro – intestinal tract, including those caused by Shigella and Salmonella, biliary tract);
– skin and soft tissue infections (abscesses, pyoderma, furunculosis, infectious dermatitis),
– bone and joint infections (including osteomyelitis);
– infections due to immune deficiency, including during treatment immupodspressivnymi agents or in patients with neytroneniey;
– sexually transmitted diseases through: gonorrhea, chlamydia;
– pulmonary tuberculosis (for the treatment of drug – resistant TB, or intolerance to first line therapy);
hypersensitivity to the drug, epilepsy, age of 18 years (incomplete process of formation of the skeleton), an elongated interval Q – T, or other factors that contribute to the development of arrhythmias (hypokalemia, bradycardia , chronic heart failure, atrial fibrillation), glucose deficiency – 6 – phosphate dehydrogenase, severe renal insufficiency; pregnancy, lactation.
Cerebral arteriosclerosis, stroke, epileptic syndrome, the conditions of life (professional activity), do not allow to limit sun exposure, chronic renal failure.
Dosing and Administration
Adults, inside, regardless of the meal (not liquid, squeezed enough liquid).
The duration of treatment depends on the nature and severity of the disease and the type of pathogen.
pneumonia, exacerbation of chronic bronchitis – the first day of 400 mg once daily, followed by 200 mg / day for 10 days; patients with a creatinine clearance less than 50 mL / min – the first day of 400 mg dose, followed by 200 mg every 48 hours.
ENT infections – organs, sinusitis – on the first day to 400 mg dose, followed by 200 mg daily for 10 days.
If pulmonary tuberculosis is used as part of combination therapy with anti-TB drugs – the first day, 400 mg dose, followed by 200 mg daily for 3 months.
Urinary Tract Infections: on the first day to 200 mg dose, followed by 100 mg 1 time per day for 10 – 14 days.
The acute gonorrheal urethritis: the first day of 400 mg once daily, and then strictly in 24 hours – 1 tablet (200 mg), course dose of 600 mg.
NGU ; the first day of 200 mg dose, followed by 100 mg 1 time per day for 6 days.
Bacterial prostatitis – on the first day to 400 mg dose, followed by 200 mg daily for 10 – 14 days.
Chlamydial infection – the first day to 400 mg, then 200 mg for 10 – 14 days.
Skin and soft tissue infections – in the first day of the 400 mg dose, followed by 200 mg 1 time per day for 3 -. 9 days
Leprosy:. 200 mg 1 time a day for 12 weeks
Cardio – vascular system: lengthening the interval Q – T, tachycardia, thrombosis of cerebral arteries;
From the digestive system: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, flatulence, diarrhea, cholestatic jaundice (especially in patients with a history of liver disease), hepatitis, gepatonekroz
The respiratory system: shortness of breath;
From the of the nervous system. dizziness, headache, fatigue, drowsiness, anxiety, tremor, peripheral paralgeziya (anomaly perception feelings of pain), increased sweating, increased intracranial pressure, " nightmare " dreams, confusion, depression, hallucinations, psychotic reactions, fainting;
From the senses: a violation of taste and smell, visual disturbances (eg diplopia, change tsvetovosprnyatiya), tinnitus, hearing loss;
From the urinary system: hematuria; crystalluria (particularly in alkaline urine and low urine output);
From the bone – muscular system: arthralgia, asthenia, myalgia, tendonitis;
Allergic reactions: itching, drug fever, petechial hemorrhages (petechiae); nodular erythema, swelling of the face, throat, or vessels, erythema multiforme exudative (including Stevens – Johnson), toxic epidermal nskroliz (Lyell’s syndrome);
From the laboratory parameters: eosinophilia, leukopenia, granulocytopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia; leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, haemolytic anemia, increased activity " liver " transaminases and alkaline phosphatase, gipoprotrombpnemiya, hypercreatininemia, hyperbilirubinemia, hyperglycemia;
Other: photosensitivity, " flushing " blood to the face.
Treatment: the specific antidote is not known. Symptomatic therapy, if necessary – hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
interaction with other drugs n other forms of interaction
Virtually no effect on the concentration of theophylline, oral hypoglycemic drugs, indirect anticoagulants.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (except acetylsalicylic acid) increase the risk of seizures.
Oral administration together with iron-containing preparations, sucralfate and antacid preparations containing magnesium, aluminum, calcium, zinc and iron salts, lead to a decrease in suction sparfloksatsnna (it should be given either 1 ; 2 hours prior to, or at least than 4 hours after).
Metoclopramide accelerates the absorption of sparfloksatsnna. which reduces the time to reach its maximum concentration in the plasma.
Since sparfloksatsnn can increase the duration of the interval Q – T. is not recommended with the concomitant use of drugs, having the same effect: with antiarrhythmics of class Ia and III of, terfenadine, bepridilom, erythromycin. astemizole, cisapride, pentamidine. tricyclic antidepressants and phenothiazines.
When combined with other antimicrobial agents, is usually observed synergism (beta – lactams, aminoglycosides, clindamycin, metronidazole); sparfloxacin can be used successfully in combination with azlocillin and ceftazidime in infections caused by Pseudomonas spp .; with mezlocillin, azlocillin and other beta – lactam antibiotics – in streptococcal infections; with penicillin-resistant betalactamase action, and vancomycin – with staphylococcal infections; metronidazole and clindamycin – In anaerobic infections.
At simultaneous application with cyclosporine sparfloksatsnna there is an increase in serum creatinine, therefore these patients should be monitored this indicator 2 times a week.
Avoid UV radiation during treatment sparfloksatsnnom and for 3 days after the end.
In order to avoid the development of crystalluria is unacceptable excess of the recommended daily dose, need adequate fluid intake and maintain acidic urine. There are anecdotal reports that the use of fluoroquinolones is accompanied by a tendon rupture shoulder, hand and Achilles tendon. When the complaints treatment should be discontinued.
During treatment sparfloxacin should refrain from activities potentially hazardous activities that require attention and speed of mental n motor responses.
Film-coated tablets, 200 mg. On 6 tablets in a blister, together with instructions for use of the drug is placed in a carton pack.
In a dry, dark place at a temperature no higher than 25 °. With
Keep out of reach of children
Expiration date of
Do not use after the expiration date printed on the package.
Conditions of supply of pharmacies:
D – p Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd.
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Address of the production
Lots number 42, 45 and 46, Bachupalli Village,
Kutbullapur Mandal, Ranga Reddy
District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Claims consumers sent to:
company Representations & ldquo; D – p Reddy & rsquo; with Laboratories Ltd. & rdquo;.
115035. Moscow, Ovchinnikovskaya nab. d.20, p.1
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