Last Updated on February 19, 2017 by Dr.Derek Fhisher
Most popular brand: Nizoral
Active ingredient: Ketoconazole
Available dosage forms: 200 mg
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Ketoconazole general information
2% Ketoconazole and one% Zinc Pyrithione could be the usual dosage. Several pure remedies can prove to be immensely useful in treating ringworm, particularly if it is not very severe. Although, antifungal shampoos rarely destroy ringworm infection independently, they may be used together with other treatments and medications including corticosteroids. It is going to be better to prevent rather high doses and prolonged utilization of aloe vera, with the purpose to prevent the possible side results. Anti-dandruff shampoos that have sulfur, salicylic acid, and zinc pyrithione, and also selenium sulfide shampoos are typically used for this function. It’s used for medicinal together with cosmetic purposes.
Amoxicillin is a favorite remedy to take care of bacterial infections connected with dogs. If antibiotics are administered within the absence of the bacterial infection, the fantastic bacteria are killed, permitting the fungus to thrive. In such instances, a secondary bacterial infection is oftentimes treated with antibiotics. Some fungal infections may not answer the above-mentioned medications. When someone is diagnosed with a fungal infection, the health care provider recommends the usage of antifungal medicines like fluconazole, ketoconazole, Itraconazole, or terbinafine. To make certain that the dog will not have problems with stomach issues, make certain you administer the cephalexin dosage after a meal, with lots of water.
If medications or supplements result in liver damage, they’ll be changed. From time to time, vitamin D deficiency may also be caused by particular medications. This causes accumulation of glucose within the blood, which then results in diabetes. Diuretics may diminish the potassium levels within the blood. At times, you may experience vitamin D deficiency as a result of particular conditions which affect the absorption of the vitamin. These foods are ordinarily not included in a vegetarian food regime, and thus, people following this type of diet can experience a deficiency of the vitamin.
It is really a prescription medication and might be the most suitable hair loss product for a number of people. It is likewise advised that one needs to always inform the physician about the other medications that he’s using, so the drug interactions might be avoided, if any. If you remember that you’ve missed it, then offer the medicine immediately. Sometimes you might chance to forget a dose. Make certain you administer the proper dosage, and if you forget to present your pet a dose of cephalexin, don’t double the quantity the following time. The drug should be carefully tapered off.
The major cause of fungal infections could be the lack of appropriate hygiene measures. Sometimes, they’re combined with steroids to be able to lessen the inflammation resulting from fungal infection. Here are the several symptoms of tinea versicolor, that can help one particular spot this skin condition. Bear in mind the suitability of a specific treatment relies upon the seriousness of the infection.
Antifungal medicines can be found in a similarity to tablets, ointments, and creams. Antifungal creams can normally cure fungal infections without leading to any adverse reactions. In the event the diarrhea continues, it is advisable to terminate the medication and consult a veterinarian. Communicate to your vet about any other medication the dog could be taking, like probenecid, or possibly a loop diuretic like furosemide or warfarin, because this may interact with cephalexin and effect unwanted side effects. In This way, timely treatment could be given to deal with the status before it worsens. Antifungal medicines should merely be taken after consultation by means of your healthcare provider.
There are several several types of foods you may strive to help maximize your libido and fight impotence, and many of the fruits which help increase your libido will contain high rates of certain vitamins on minerals which might help to maximize hormone levels, maximize nitric oxide levels or ramp up your own testosterone. Another less common source of vitamin D deficiency is really a hereditary disorder called familial hypophosphatemia that may adversely alter the metabolism of vitamin D within the kidneys. Metabolic illnesses such as copper storage hepatopathy, deposition of fat within the liver on account of obesity, diabetes, and hypothyroidism in dogs may also raise the degree of liver enzymes in dogs. This contributes to jaundice in dogs also called `icterus’.
Prednisone can be a synthetic corticosteroid which is used for remedying certain health conditions in humans and animals. Prednisone dosage for dogs really depends on the condition which is being treated. Perhaps, they are sometimes treated by therapeutic medications or some organic methods. This could happen because of an allergic reaction to the medication, or because of an overdose. Ketoconazole is really a prescription antifungal medication which can be used for treating ringworm. Aside from medications, the physician will also suggest a change within the dog’s diet.
Active – active substance / start: ketoconazole
ketoconazole; Ketoconazole – Altfarm; Livarol; Mikozoral; Mikoket; Nizoral; Oronazol; Perhotal; Sebozol; Funginok; Fungistab.
ketoconazole – antifungal agent with broad-spectrum fungicide and mikostaticheskim effects. Used for fungal infections, vaginal candidiasis, fungal infections of the skin, hair and nails (dermatophytosis, onychomycosis, candida paronychia, and pityriasis versicolor multi-colored, trihofitia, athlete’s foot), seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff, leishmaniasis, systemic mycosis. Widely known and actively used in dermatology. Shampoo quickly reduces flaking and itching are commonly associated with pityriasis versicolor and seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff).
Active – active substance:
Properties / Action:
Ketoconazole – a synthetic derivative of imidazole diaksolana. It is active against dermatophytes, yeasts (Torulopsis), the causative agent multi-colored lichen (Pityrosporum orbiculare), pathogens that cause systemic mycoses (Cryptococcus spp.), Dimorphic fungi, pathogens some tinea (Trichophyton spp. Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum spp.), Pathogens candidiasis (Candida spp.), higher fungi (eumitsetov) as well as against gram-positive cocci (Staphylococcus spp. Streptococcus spp.).
shampoo ketoconazole (Nizoral) has a high antifungal activity against dermatophytes: Trichophyton sp. Epidermophyton sp. Microsporurn sp. and yeasts such as: Candida sp. b Malassela furfur (Pityrosporum ovate).
mechanism of action is the inhibition of ergosterol synthesis and membrane lipids (phospholipids and triglycerides) required for the synthesis of the cell wall of fungi (mushrooms lose their ability to form colonies and filament) and the violation cell wall permeability. Inhibit the formation of androgens.
Absorption – high; the time to reach C max – 2 h. Bioavailability is directly dependent on the size of the dose. Associated with blood plasma proteins and red blood cells. The dynamics of the blood concentration curve bioeksponentsialnoy described. Able to penetrate into the cerebrospinal fluid. Biotransformation in the liver (of the oxidative – dezoksilirovanie, oxidative degradation of aromatic hydroxylation). T1 / 2 – 2 – 4 h. Excreted in bile (57%) and urine (13%).
For external use (ointment, cream, shampoo) ketoconazole is not absorbed and does not enter the systemic circulation, is not determined in plasma after prolonged use, so systemic effects are not expected.
External (ointment, cream):
Dosage and administration:
System application (tablets):
Adults and children weighing more than 30 kg of the drug administered at a dose of 200 – 400 mg per day. When ringworm and multicolored lichen appoint 200 – 400 mg / day for 2 – 8 weeks. In onihomikozah – 200 – 400 mg / day for 3 – 12 months before the clinical and mycological recovery. Systemic fungal infections appoint 200 – 400 mg / day for 2 weeks, followed by 200 mg for 4 – 6 weeks to complete recovery.
children weighing less than 30 kg – 4 – 8 mg / kg per day (100 mg / day).
For the prevention of fungal infections in immunocompromised patients, adults – 400 mg / day; children – 4 – 8 mg / kg body weight.
The drug is usually taken 1 time per day during the meal.
affected area of the skin or hair should be washed with shampoo, which should be left on the skin for 3 – 5 minutes before rinsing.
Colorful lichen. once for 5 days.
Seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff): twice a week for 4 – weeks.
Colorful lichen one prophylactic course before the summer – once a day for 3 – days.
Seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), once a week or every two weeks.
When ringworm smooth skin, jock itch, athlete’s hands and feet, skin candidiasis and pityriasis versicolor applied to the affected and immediately adjacent area 1 time per day .
In seborrheic dermatitis for the treatment applied to the affected area 1 – 2 times a day depending on the severity of injury, with supportive therapy is applied to 1 – 2 times a week. The average duration of treatment is: for tinea skin – 3 – 4 weeks, with jock itch – 2 – 4 weeks, with athlete’s foot – 4 – 6 weeks, with yeast infections – 2 – 3 weeks, with pityriasis versicolor – 2 – 3 weeks when seborrheic dermatitis – 2 – 4 weeks.
The treatment was continued for a few days after the disappearance of symptoms.
When vaginal candidiasis administered vaginally by 400 mg (1 candle) per day for 3 – 5 days. If necessary, the drug can be given orally and vaginally. Duration of treatment is determined individually. If necessary, such treatments can be carried out over several months, with breaks.
In rare cases nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, sleep disorders (drowsiness, insomnia), photophobia, paresthesia, thrombocytopenia, rash, toxic hepatitis, transient increase in transaminases in the blood, hypercreatininemia.
It is very rare – hair loss, allergic reactions (in the form of urticaria, skin rash), gynecomastia, decreased libido, and oligospermia, arthralgia, fever.
possible – skin irritation, itching, burning sensation, in rare cases – contact dermatitis.
When using candles during the first days of treatment may burning sensation.
Hypersensitivity to ketoconazole.
expressed human liver and kidneys.
Pregnancy, lactation (should stop breastfeeding).
Hypersensitivity to ketoconazole.
Reduced function of the adrenal cortex and pituitary.
Co-administration of potentially hepatotoxic drugs.
Age older than 50 years (women).
Special instructions and precautions:
During regular use should be regularly monitored picture peripheral blood, liver function and kidney. If the treatment of skin lesions was performed corticosteroids, ketoconazole is administered no earlier than 2 weeks after their cancellation.
In the literature there are indications of efficacy in the treatment of certain forms of hormone-dependent prostate cancer.
ketokonazol for external use (shampoo, ointment, cream) is practically not absorbed into the systemic circulation, so it is possible its use during pregnancy and lactation. Overdose symptoms development is also unlikely. In case of accidental ingestion gastric lavage should be performed and to carry out symptomatic treatment, special detoxification measures are required.
ketokonazol in the form of an ointment, cream is only for external use. Do not use in ophthalmic practice. Avoid contact with eyes. In appointing ketokonazol patients receiving long-term treatment of corticosteroids for topical application, it is necessary to continue the treatment last and cancel them gradually (to avoid withdrawal symptoms) over the next 2 – 3 weeks. Ddya fight against sources of infection and re-infection during treatment should follow general hygiene measures.
In the case of shampoo may occur skin irritation immediately after prolonged use of topical corticosteroids. Initially, therefore, it is recommended to continue treatment with topical corticosteroids in conjunction with shampoo, followed by the cancellation of topical corticosteroids for 2 – 3 weeks.
The interaction with other drugs with topical ketoconazole is not described.
When concomitant administration with antacids, anticholinergics (holinoblokatorami) and blockers of histamine H2 – receptor (H2 – histamine blockers) reduced the absorption of orally received ketoconazole.
Rifampicin and isoniazid reduce the concentration of ketoconazole in the plasma.
Weakens the effect of amphotericin B.
Improves concentration and cyclosporine, anticoagulants and methylprednisolone and plasma.
inhibits microsomal oxidation both prescribed drugs and increases their concentration, enhances the toxicity difenina.
Reduces stimulating effect on the adrenal corticotropin.
Incompatible with alcohol.
Co-administration of oral contraceptives with a low content of hormones causes bleeding.